KEYSTONE DIGITAL LIVING WILL

Glossary

We explain everything you need to know to help you understand how Keystone works; from beginning to end.

  • Artificial nutrition and hydration – Also known as tube feeding or feeding tube, this is considered anything that supplements or replaces ordinary eating and drinking by providing nutrients and fluids through a tube placed directly into the patient’s stomach, upper intestine, or vein. A feeding tube is usually not painful but can be discomforting.
  • Blood Transfusion – Process of transferring blood from one individual to another.
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) – A group of treatments used when a person’s heart and/or breathing stops. CPR is used in an attempt to restart the heart and breathing. It usually consists of mouth-to-mouth breathing or other methods of ventilation and pressing on the chest to cause blood to circulate. Electric shock and drugs may also be used to restart or control the rhythm of the heart.
  • Coma – When the brain goes into a state of unconsciousness and you cannot interact with anyone.
  • Dementia – Is a progressive deterioration of the brain where memory loss and personality changes occur. Mental functioning is also impaired and it is not reversible.
  • End-stage condition – means an irreversible condition that is caused by injury, disease, or illness which has resulted in progressively severe and permanent deterioration making it improbable that treatment of the condition would be effective.
  • Hospice – Type of facility that focuses on the palliative care of a patient with a terminal condition. This care revolves around the management of pain and symptoms as well as attending to their emotional and spiritual needs.
  • Kidney Dialysis – Procedure that removes waste products from the bloodstream when the kidneys fail. Typically needed 3 times per week and painless.
  • Mechanical Ventilation – Treatment in which a mechanical ventilator supports or replaces the function of the lungs. The ventilator is attached to a tube inserted in the nose or mouth and down into the trachea (windpipe). Mechanical ventilation is often used to assist a person through a short-term problem or for prolonged periods in which irreversible respiratory failure exists due to injuries to the upper spinal cord or a progressive neurologic disease. The patient is often sedated and it can be uncomfortable.
  • Palliative Care – A comprehensive approach to treating serious illness that focuses on the physical, psychological, and spiritual needs of the patient. It is often referred to as comfort care. Its goal is to achieve the best quality of life available to the individual by relieving suffering, controlling pain and symptoms, and enabling him or her to achieve maximum function. An essential component of palliative care is respect for the patient’s culture, belief, and values.
  • Persistent vegetative state is a medical diagnosis, made after numerous neurological and other tests, that due to extensive and irrevocable brain damage a patient is highly unlikely ever to achieve higher functions above a vegetative state, which means that a patient can open their eyelids occasionally and demonstrate sleep-wake cycles, but completely lack cognitive function.
  • Stroke – Is an injury to the brain caused by a broken or blocked blood vessel. Some symptoms of a stroke go away within 3 months, those that last longer are usually permanent. A stroke can cause impair of mental and physical functioning.
  • Terminal Condition – is an ongoing condition caused by injury, disease or illness that has no cure and from which doctors expect the person to die even with medical treatment. Life-sustaining treatments will only prolong the dying process.